I. Temperance is the ability to control one's desires so that one may be free to do what is good. The opposite, intemperance, is slavery to desires. "The alternative is clear: either man governs his passions and finds peace, or he lets himself be dominated by them and becomes unhappy." Catechism of the Catholic Church 2339; see also Catechism 1809. Although not generally using the word temperance, Scriptures, and especially the wisdom books and the New Testament epistles refer to such self-control frequently. See, e.g., Sir 5:2, 18:3. Wis. 6:17; Sir. 5:11-19; Romans 6:12-23; Gal. 5:16-25; 1 Peter 2:10-22.


II. Some of the types of temperance are: (1) moderation in eating and drink; (2) chastity; (3) sobriety; (4) clemency and peacefulness; (5) modesty with regard to appearance and fame; (6) humility; (7) studiousness; and (8) moderation with reference to entertainment, games, and conversation.

C. Sobriety involves the use of alcoholic beverages in moderation.

D. Clemency and peacefulness involve the control of anger.

G. Studiousness is a disciplined desire for rightful knowledge