1. The section begins in condemning partiality in apply the faith of Jesus Christ, which could mean faith in Him or the faith in God that He taught.

      1. The letter then switches to an example regarding to people who are presumably new to the community.
      1. The letter then describes the folly of honoring the wealthy, pointing out that they often least deserve it.
          1. The reference to hauling the readers off to court could mean that the readers were oppressed because they were of a lower class or because they were Christians.
          2. The blasphemy referred to could be either literally foul language against God and the faith. Or St. James may mean that, by their actions in oppressing others, the wealthy are in effect blaspheming, as the prophets often call rendering justice true sacrifice. See Is. 1:16-17; Zech. 7:10. St. Paul said that he had been a blasphemer when he persecuted Christians. See 1 Tim. 1:13. Blasphemy was a capital offense. See Lev. 24:10-16; 1 Kings 21:10-14; Matt. 26:65. Thus, St. James is accusing the wealthy of very serious sins. See Is. 1:23; Amos 4:1-4; Mal. 3:5; Wis. 6:10.

      1. The letter then goes back to a discussion of the law.

          1. Such is the implication of the greatest commandment and the call to perfection. See Matt. 5:48, 22:34-40.
          2. In the letters to the Romans and Galatians, St. Paul takes a similar point in a different direction, saying that we need the grace of God because we all fall short of the law. See Rom. 3:9-26; Gal. 3:10-14.

      1. The letter concludes the point by referring to the law of liberty, the participation in God's creative goodness, this time in the context of recognizing the responsibility we have under it. Because the law, seen in all of its glory, involves not only specific commands, but the whole order of creation, to violate it means more than simply violating a specific statute, but violating the entire loving plan of God. We act in accordance to this law by joining with God in His mercy and goodness shown to others.

      1. It begins with a rhetorical question about whether faith without works can lead to salvation.